Islamabad features an atypical version of a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers accompanied by a monsoon season followed by mild and wet winters. The hottest months are from May to July, where average highs routinely exceed 38 °C.
The monsoon season is from July through September, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms. Highest monthly rainfall of 743.3 millimetres (29.26 in) was recorded during the month of July 1995. Winters are from October to March with temperatures variable by location. In the city, temperatures stay mild, with sparse snowfall over the Margalla Hills. The weather ranges from 15 °C (59.0 °F) in January to 37 °C (98.6 °F) in June. The highest temperature recorded was 45 °C (113.0 °F) on June 23, 2005 while the lowest temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on January 17, 1967. On 23 July 2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years and the highest rainfall in 24 hours as well.
Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs; Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam. Khanpur Dam is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Islamabad. 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills National Park. Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad Highway, covering an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha).
The F and G series contains the most developed sectors. F-5 is an important sector for the software industry in Islamabad, as the two software technology parks are located here. The entire F-9 sector is covered with Fatima Jinnah Park. The Centaurus complex will be one of the major landmarks of the F-8 sector. G sectors are numbered G-5 through G-17. Some important places include the Jinnah Convention Center and Serena Hotel in G-5, the Red Mosque in G-6, and the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, the largest medical complex in the capital, located in G-8.
Construction and Development:
Islamabad has seen an expansion in information and communications technology with the addition two Software Technology Parks which house numerous national and foreign technological and IT companies. The tech parks are located in Evacuee Trust Complex and Awami Markaz.
East View Point:
The older and more visited picnic spot is East View Point where there is a terrace surrounded by a park with a fountain. Jinnah Stadium, Rawal Lake and neighboring hills of Margalla and Murree can be easily viewd from here. There is a small garden of Pine Trees near the terrace. Speciality of this garden is that all trees have been planted by country heads (Kings/Presidents/Prime Ministers) of friend countries. It is a tradition that whenever a foriegn president or prime minister visits pakistan he/she plants a tree at Shakar Parian which is a symbol of friendship between the countries. You can check them out with the names of person who planted them.
There is a monument/foundation memerial on East View point where Islamabad City's Master Plan was approved by that time's President His Excelency Mr. Ayub Khan in 24 May 1960. Also there are snack bars in case you wanna have some thing to eat.
West View Point:
Pakistan Monument is built on West View Point. Also you can view Islamabad's sky line from West View Point. West Viewpoint also overlooks Rawalpindi.
Shahdara is a wonderful place to have visit to the local as well as across the border visitors. Although, the place is not maintained by the government (CDA) like other tourist spots in Islamabad.
However, it is wonderful place to have a visit. The place is around at 8 Kilometer distance from Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. Usually local people know about it, but I have noticed that only few people visited that place.
Represents Pakistan's four provinces and three territories. From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on
After a competition among many renowned architects, Arif Masood’s plan was selected for the final design. The blooming flower shape of the monument represents Pakistan's progress as a rapidly developing country. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces (Balochistan, North West Frontier Province, Punjab, and Sindh), while the three smaller petals represent the Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. The Monument has been designed to reflect the culture and civilization of the country and depicts the story of the Pakistan Movement, dedicated to those who sacrificed themselves for future generations.
Its colossal acreage is covered mostly by greenery with few man-made structures dotting the landscape. With the exception of a few areas of the park that are close to residential districts, most of the park area effectively serves as a wildlife sanctuary. The park is bounded by a steel fence with entrance doors at regular intervals, though only a few are routinely open and used. A further strip of land outside of the fence is lined with a foot trail. There is a well laid network of foot paths inside the park, with neat grass and a few statues erected sparsely; perhaps Fatima Jinnah Park is to Islamabad what Central Park is to New York City. The familiar scent of air and the sight of the Shaheen (Hawk) swooping down on its prey would all be gone once the technological advancements are brought in. Bird-watching in the park is like watching a wild life documentary in live.
Fatima Jinnah Park is constructed in small clusters at the moment; some parts are well developed and a favorite among people while others are hardly ever tread upon. One of such areas is the "Megazone" complex. It is a well built area which has a lot to offer to its customers. The sports area comprises a standard length swimming pool, table tennis tables and snooker. While the more contemporary activities include bowling bowl, arcade games, laser tag and other small games. There is a take away and dining area as well. And lastly there is an assortment of different shops on clothes, DVDs and other accessories.
Sarai or travellers inn constructed by Sher Shah Suri on the Grand Trunk Road connecting Kabul with Calcutta now lie in ruins in Islamabad. Such public works were the hallmark of Sher Sha Suri's reign where travellers inn with all the necessary facilities were constructed along the GT road to provide rest and recreation facilities to travellers. A large portion of sarai has been destroyed and the remaining is encroached.
If you want to escape the crowds head further north towards Nathia Gali where there are several small towns with easy access to the mountains. If driving to Murree be aware that the roads are very winding and busy - and not fun to drive in the dark. Driving through Murree is also not much fun.
On trail 5, you will be welcomed by a 300 Year old Banyan tree and a water stream along with the music of the worlds rarest birds. Once you are into this trail you can not imagine that you are actually inside Islamabad. One forgets all the tensions of daily life and start enjoying the wonders of nature. The water stream is crystal clear and the rocks and pebbles are clean and white as if someone has washed them off with acid. The track is well maintained by CDA but where there are humans there's also mess.
The track is easy and can be covered by any one till the end of stream. i-e the source of stream. But it is recomended that don’t try Trail 5 without a GPS or a friend who has done it before. From the top of Trail 5 it is 1.5km to the top of Trail 3. Hence you can do a loop, taking 3-4 hours it is a rock that is giving pure and clean water. Its looks like that it contains Sulfur content thats why all the rocks and pebbles inside the water are white and clean.
Then comes the hard core part of the track. Its steep and too much rocky. Its 30 to 50 minutes of torture to your muscles. Once you reach the Pir sohawa road, you are relieved like any thing.
Both Trail 3 and Trail 5 have large maps and guidance boards placed at the entrance.